Because psychological egoism states that every act of every person is motivated by self-interest, it is universal. OVERALL POINTS= 10+20+70=100 This argument argues that people’s actions are done to get benefits such as fame, becomes popular, liked by others and so forth. Psychological egoism asserts that it is impossible for anyone to do anything other than seek his own good. The first argument involves the claim that all acts are selfish because the person performing the acts always does what she most wants to do. Psychological egoism as an empirical theory commits the fallacy of hasty generalization or converse accident. The basic assumption made by most moral philosophers is that we shouldn’t discriminate against people for arbitrary reasons. Even those philosophers such as Thomas Hobbes or Ayn Rand who advocate the Egoist position have never managed (and rarely attempted) to justify the Egoist premise itself. That is, it reduces what seems to be a plurality or a multiplicity of motives to a single kind. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 6.2 Arguments for psychological egoism. It is a view endorsed by several philosophers, among them Thomas Hobbes and Friedrich Nietzsche, and has played a role in some game theory. Rachels identifies two arguments thought to support psychological egoism. One might set various constraints on a theory’s being a moral theory. The Refutation of Psychological Egoism: arguments to the conclusion that the generalization everyone acts from the motive of self-interest is false. Psychological egoism is the theory that all our actions are basically motivated by self-interest. The Argument. It describes human nature as being wholly self-centered and self-motivated. Many of these constraints are met by ethical egoism — the formal constraints, for example, that moral claims must be prescriptive and universalizable. Anyway, thats all, if it helped at all. Rachels raises two objections to this argument. The criticism is this. Many of the arguments oppose the theory of psychological egoism which states that human acts are selfish because people act according to their own desire. Because psychological egoism states that all motivations are, in the final analysis, selfish, it is reductive. Start studying Psychological Egoism and David Hume's Arguments Against. Psychological Egoism 662 Words | 3 Pages. Psychological egoism is the view that everyone always acts selfishly. Ethical egoism goes against the principle of impartiality. 0. So far we haven’t been given any reason to suppose that it is in fact true. Any objection to psychological egoism that mentions pleasure felt for any other sake than self-interest is a stawman, it argues against something psychological egoism isnt saying. Before reading, I was naïve and therefore indifferent to these concepts of egoism; however, I now agree that psychological egoism is an invalid thesis. Psychological egoism is different from ethical egoism in their “direction of fit” to the world. Also, the last bit, about the “incredible breadth of human…” is unsupported. The second argument for egoism I've dubbed The Rolling Stones argument. Rachels’ “Egoism and Moral Skepticism” provides us with strong arguments in favor of psychological and ethical egoism, which he effectively refutes by highlighting their weaknesses. So let us take a look at the arguments that might be offered in its defense. Psychological ego-ism … These implications of PE are the kinds of things that we would have to buy, if it were true. A fourth argument against ethical egoism is just that: ethical egoism does not count as a moral theory. 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